Bruxism treatment by BOTOX®
Bruxism is a condition in which people grind or clench their teeth more than normal. Most people who grind their teeth and clench their jaw aren't aware they're doing it. It often happens during sleep; while concentrating or under stress. Many people who suffer from nocturnal bruxism only know they’re grinding their teeth during sleep when a partner tells them. Chronic teeth grinding/clenching might result in jaw pain, headaches, tooth damage, and other problems.
The two main sets of muscles - temporal and masseter muscles, involved in moving the jaw, become overactive, causing the jaw to clench unconsciously while awake or during sleep. The exact reason behind bruxism is unknown, however it is believed to be linked to stress, anxiety, and sleep disorders. Some evidence also suggests a genetic predisposition. In addition, the effects of some drugs, including caffeine, may cause bruxism in adults. It can be quite painful, distressing and lead to dental problems and can cause headaches, facial pain, and in some cases migraines.
What are some symptoms of bruxism?
- Frequent complaints of headache.
- Injured teeth and gums.
- Loud grinding or clicking sounds.
- Rhythmic tightening or clenching of the jaw muscles.
- Unusual complaints regarding painful jaw muscles – particularly in the morning.
- Unusual tooth sensitivity to hot and cold foods.
Procedure-This is a quick, simple and safe procedure and it generally takes 5 to 10 minutes to complete and requires no anaesthetic.
Before injecting BOTOX®, the area is cleaned. The Botulinum toxin is then diluted in a saline solution and to treat this condition, a few tiny injections of BOTOX® are administered into the main muscle responsible for grinding (the masseter muscle). BOTOX® effectively weakens this muscle to stop involuntary grinding of teeth and clenching of the jaw. This significantly relaxes the muscle and reduces the wear and tear on the teeth due to grinding. It also reduces the damage to the TMJ and headaches. However it doesn't affect voluntary movements like chewing, talking or any facial expressions. There is very minimal discomfort during the procedure.